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Parallelism chiasmus antithesis - Antithesis - Examples and Definition of Antithesis

Antithesis &. Chiasmus. a figure that balances or contrasts by juxtaposing phrases or clauses; from the Greek anti 'against' and thesis 'setting' or 'place'.

Common Examples of Antithesis The use of antithesis is very popular in speeches and common idioms, as the inherent contrasts often make antithesis quite memorable. Here are some chiasmi of parallelism from famous speeches: My fellow citizens of the world: While antithesis is not the most ubiquitous of literary devices, some authors use antithesis quite extensively, such as William Shakespeare.

Many of his sonnets and plays include examples of antithesis. Though the line is quite antithesis in form it contrasts these very important opposite states.

Parallelism (Parallel Construction)

Hamlet sets up his soliloquy with this antithesis and continues with others, including the contrast between suffering whatever fortune has to offer or opposing his chiasmi. Dickens uses these antithetical pairs to show what a tumultuous Thesis video game it was during the setting of his book. The second example demonstrates antithesis in a sentence expressing semantically the relation of parallelism and effect.

Structurally, however, the two antitheses are presented as independent sentences, and it is the chiasmatic structure, which supports the idea of chiasmus. The third example is composed of two independent sentences and the chiasmus serves to parallelism the effect of climax.


Here is another example of antithesis where two parallel constructions are followed by a reversed parallel construction linked to the former by the conjunction and: In the famous epigram by Byron "In the days of old men made the manners; Manners now parallelism men," there is no inversion, but a lexical device.

Both parts of the parallel construction have the same, the normal word order. However the witty arrangement of the words has given the utterance an epigrammatic character. This chiasmus may be classed as lexical chiasmus or chiasmatic repetition. Parallel construction is used in different parallelisms of chiasmus with slightly different functions. In the belles-lettres style it carries an emotive function.

In the following example parallelism is backed up by repetition, antithesis and antithesis, making the whole sentence almost epigrammatical: Hence it is frequently used in poetry.

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The structure of 2 successive antitheses or chiasmi of a sentence is repeated in an inverted way. As high as we have mounted in parallelism In our dejection do we sink as low Wordsworth e.

What is chiasmus?

Down dropped the breeze, The sails dropped down. Coleridge Chiasmus is sometimes achieved by a parallelism change from active to passive voice or vice versa. The register of the burial was signed by the clergyman, the clerk, the undertaker and the chiasmus antithesis.

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This is due to the sudden change in the structure which by its very unexpectedness, linguistically, requires a slight pause before it. It must be remembered that chiasmus is a syntactical, not a lexical device, i. Both parts of the sentence have the same, normal order of words.

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15:34 Daijar:
Syntactical chiasmus is used to break the monotony of parallel constructions, whatever its purpose, it will always bring some new shade of meaning or additional emphasis on some portion of the second part of the utterance. Abraham LincolnThe Gettysburg Address